- BBC News World
Republicans appear to be heading to retake the House, but the final congressional control remains uncertain and will depend on three battles whose outcome remains uncertain.
In the absence of many official results after Tuesday’s elections, the Republican Party will regain control of the House of Representatives, according to expectations, but so far the numbers exclude the “red wave” and show stiff resistance from Democrats in major battles.
According to CBS, a partner of the BBC, Republicans are emerging as a majority in the House of Representatives. They only need to win the five seats now in the hands of the Democrats to regain control.
But the math is more complicated for the Senate, which renews a third of its members with some races very close to predicting a winner.
One of the three crucial races, in Georgia, will be decided in another election on December 6, a date that may have to wait to see which party definitively controls the Senate.
The three decisive races for control of the Senate
- Georgia This will be determined in other runoff elections. The race between Republican Herschel Walker and Democrat Raphael Warnock was very close, with neither of them reaching the required 50% of the vote. December 6 is the election date.
- in ArizonaDemocrat Mark Kelly is slightly ahead of Donald Trump-backed Blake Masters. But there is still a large percentage of the votes to be counted.
- in SnowfallRepublican Adam Laxalt is ahead of Democrat Catherine Cortez Masto, who is defending his seat.
Currently in the Senate there is a 50-50 tie the Vice President will break Kamala Harriswho has the right to vote in the Senate when this situation arises. Therefore, any change can lead to an imbalance.
Democrats are taking a deep breath, as they may consider keeping control of the Senate a great result. for example, John Fetterman He was victorious in his dispute over Pennsylvania, an important victory by restoring a position that had been in the hands of the Republicans.
the president himself Joe Biden He admitted Wednesday that he was “relieved” to see results that were expected to be worse for his party.
“In the end there was no giant red wave,” he said of the Republican landslide victory that some had hoped for the end.
“Although not a single result indicates an election, Pennsylvania is hugely demoralizing,” said John Sudworth, the BBC’s US correspondent, after learning of Pennsylvania’s result.
“It’s definitely not a red wave, that’s for sure,” the Republican senator admitted on television. Lindsey Graham.
Republicans Don’t Run Over Democrats
Analysis by Anthony Zurcher, BBC correspondent at United States of America
At least so far in the mid-term of 2022, the Republicans are doing well but not so well.
In gubernatorial races, prominent Republicans won Florida, Texas and Georgia, but two other state governments went to Democrats.
The Republicans only had to flip five seats in the House of Representatives to gain a majority, and they seem on track to do so.
But they did not win every difficult competition nor did they get any resounding and surprising victories.
The results in the Senate are more uncertain. Republicans won in states where they had an advantage, but Democrats won in states they planned, as well as winning a decisive seat in Pennsylvania.
The outcome of the as-yet-to-be-determined races — Georgia, Nevada and Arizona — will largely determine the eventual perception of this election.
Both houses of Congress were controlled by Democrats in the president’s first two years in office. Biden.
If there is a recent change in partisan control, it will affect Biden’s agenda, which could lead to his initiatives being banned.
Midterm elections are usually a referendum on the administration of the president and are usually negative for the party that controls the White House.
Biden has low approval levels (about 45%) and high inflation, the highest in the past 40 years, so the big issue for many Republican voters, is playing against the party in government.
But early polls also showed that abortion was the most important issue for three out of 10 voters. This would have benefited Democrats, after the US Supreme Court of Justice’s decision – with a conservative majority – to overturn the constitutional right to terminate pregnancy nationwide.
And according to CBS, the White House has an air of “emotion and validation” with the findings.
“Democracy has been put to the test in recent years, but with their votes the American people speak,” Biden said Wednesday, who has been open to the country’s “good ideas” and to speaking with Republicans.
It will take time to know the final results because there are parts of the country where vote counting continues and in many states it can take days, especially in the case of more equal disputes.
What do we know so far
- It was not “Red Wave” So far in favor of the Republicans, which some have ventured into
- According to expectations, the House of Representatives will return to Republican control
- Given Biden’s low popularity and rising inflation, Democrats are containing the damage, according to results known so far.
- Florida Governor, Ron DeSantiswho could be the Republican challenger to Donald Trump for the White House in 2024, scored a clear victory in his re-election
- Florida and County Miami County – Daddya traditional Democratic haven, now confirmed as a Republican stronghold
- Democrat John Fetterman He is the winner of the Pennsylvania Senate race, one of the major battles for control of the Senate
- The most decisive battles are still very uncertain for the winners, especially in the Senate, where there is a balance of 50-50
- There are indeed several election milestones: the first gay female governor in history, Maura Healy (Massachusetts), and the first generation Z Congressman, Maxwell Frost (Florida), of Cuban descent.
What we don’t know yet
- Control of the Senate is uncertain and the outcome will take time. The decisive race result in Nevada and Arizona could be days away. In the case of Georgia, there will be new elections on December 6 because none of the leading candidates has reached 50% of the vote.
- Dimensions of the Republican victory in the House of Representatives. The margin, if the leadership change is confirmed, is important for his eventual opposition to Biden
- yes Donald Trump It can be considered a winner or a loser, even though it is not on the ballot. Some of the Republicans he supported won, but others lost, so the final balance is not yet clear.
- How do you get out of the elections? Joe Bidenwhich despite its low popularity can boost its number by containing damage
Even a small Republican majority in Congress is closing the door to Biden’s initiatives
Anthony Zou analysissCher, BBC US correspondent
It seems likely that the Republicans, as widely expected, will take control of the House of Representatives when the new Congress begins early next year.
If so, the question is how big a majority can they get.
Almost like a big storm, a real electoral wave could dislodge some of the politicians who were supposed to hold their seats. It’s time to expect surprises.
But even if Republicans end up with a slim majority in the House, the door will be closed on Joe Biden’s legislative agenda for the next two years. This will lead to a level of intense congressional oversight that has so far avoided the president.
What does it mean if there is a divided government?
Divided government refers to a situation in which one or both houses of the US Congress are under the control of a party opposing the incumbent president, something that appears to happen as of this election.
This type of government has been popular in the North American country since the 1970s, most recently during the last two years of Donald Trump’s presidency, when Democrats controlled the House of Representatives.
Some people support divided government because it means that each political party can monitor the other, for example by checking unwanted spending measures or preventing certain projects from becoming law.
In addition, divided chambers can force lawmakers to write laws that have a broader base of support, making them difficult to undo when power changes. In this case, cooperation generates political stability.
But when parties are polarized in their positions, a divided government can make it impossible for one party to pass legislation, leading to stalemate.
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