The way back: the permissibility of vaccination takes its form

The European Union is traveling about 150 million vaccine administrations and starting to see the light at the end of the tunnel. In the last few days, a date has also appeared – 15 July – which will make it possible to cross the herd immunity milestone, and now we look more carefully at the health passport: the goal is to find normality in the movements between and to reconnect the strings .. after the blackout that occurred last year It paralyzed all types of travel, especially tourism and business.

Certificate or passport Forms of health certificates are being studied in Brussels, with the issuance of a smartphone and a hard copy. The digital number will be controlled by a QR code that will indicate what type of vaccine was received, whether disease has occurred and if antibodies are present. This document can soon become crucial for boarding an airplane, train or ship, but also for entering public places or participating in sporting or entertainment events. Certainly, however, the difference between certification and a vaccination passport must be clarified in the coming weeks. In the first case, it is assumed that the document is not mandatory, while the passport to guarantee freedom of travel and access to a specific country will be characterized by a mandatory system. So far, both terms have been used casually to refer to the same documents, but it appears that the European Union is indeed ready to give a specific shape to the card, which is essential for future travel.

Documenting the future Qr Code technology will enable rapid scanning in airports, hotels, tourist facilities in general, restaurants, stadiums and other sports facilities, theaters and cinemas. With this system, replays of concerts and all large group events are also possible. The digital system will allow you to view the data of vaccinations, tests performed or the presence of antibodies after infection. There is a legal problem associated with the mandatory nature of the document, with a dual requirement to protect the freedom of movement of the individual and the need to protect public health. However, the looming shadow of the virus will lead to the most effective solutions, the ones that have already been implemented at this time in the pandemic: Whoever lacks certification will be subject to restrictions such as a commitment to survey, quarantine in designated facilities, or isolation. guardian. It is somewhat similar to what is already in Sardinia after the first legislation and then with the extension of the regional law that links the entrances to the island with a health certificate of no infection or with quarantine in some hotels used to receive the positive or who had contacts at risk.

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First examples Outside the European Union, many are already moving towards a vaccination visa. In the first row, Israel, already ahead of everyone in the vaccination race: Tel Aviv is expected to create a “green passport” for those who prove they have been vaccinated. Chile, another country on the way to vaccines, is focusing on health certificates as a condition of freedom of movement. Australia will only allow international tourists to arrive after registering for vaccination. The United States and Japan are moving in the same direction as Europe, looking at a reference model between a passport and a certificate. In the United Arab Emirates, the digital health passport project is starting to take shape especially among airlines, as the first tests are already being carried out.

Doubts and Critical issues The elusive and unexpected action of the pandemic does not give strong certainty about immunization even after a vaccine: It has not been scientifically proven that the virus stops spreading even when full doses of the vaccine are given or in the presence of antibodies. Moreover, immunization is currently carried out in an incomplete manner: large sections of the population and even many countries still lack the necessary coverage or at least have to deal with a vaccine that cannot be determined in a specific way.

Problem under the age of 16 There is also the problem of the younger population (under 16 years of age), which is not currently involved in vaccination plans. How do families behave with children? Will the certificate or passport be guaranteed for the youngsters? At the moment there are no indications in this regard. There is also the issue of privacy, with personal data that must be protected as much as possible: on the other hand, details regarding one’s health – in Italy above all – are among the most sensitive and their use must be subject to and justified. Through real and recognized supreme interests.

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