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State of emergency and proposal for electoral progress.
In a message at dawn on Monday, Peruvian President Dina Bouluart declared a state of emergency “in areas of high social conflict” and submitted to Congress a proposal to advance general elections to April 2024, two years earlier than expected. .
These measures come in response to the protests recorded across the country that have departed Until this Monday at least 5 dead in clashes with the policeand that after the dismissal of his predecessor, Pedro Castillo, last Wednesday, December 7th.
However, Boulwart’s words did not seem to reassure the protesters on Monday They closed the second city m airportaIt is big in the countryYuYes Arequipa.
Peru’s Ministry of Transport and Communications confirmed via Twitter that the airport had been closed due to protests at its facilities.
After security forces removed the protesters Monday afternoon, Aeropuertos Andinos del Perú, which operates the airport, said it was “conducting a damage assessment to verify that the runway, facilities and navigation aspects are in optimal condition and operations can safely resume.”
The Office of the Ombudsman reported that a man, Miguel Arcana, 38, was killed in the clashes in Cerro Colorado, where the air port is located.
As of Monday, the institution recorded two deaths on Sunday and two other cases in clashes on Monday.
Protesters there and in other parts of Peru the demand closing Congress and advancing elections after the Castillo vacancy, Some sectors are also calling for the release of the former president, according to local media reports.
Castillo’s dismissal came after the then-president announced the dissolution of the legislature and the installation of a “government of exception”, which Peru’s various sectors interpreted as an attempted “coup”.
Within a few hours, Congress impeached Castillo for “moral incompetence,” and he was arrested and later charged “insurgency”.
What did Polwart say?
In a televised message, President Boulwart reported the declaration of a state of emergency and announced that she had given “instructions to restore control of the internal order peacefully, without prejudice to the fundamental rights of the citizens.”
Interior Minister Cesar Cervantes declared a state of emergency Enters valid in the regions of Apurimac, Arequipa and Ica, in the south of the country.
Likewise, after initially rejecting electoral advances, the President asserted that she would make a specific motion to Congress for that purpose.
In a broader interpretation of the will of the citizens, I decided to take the initiative To reach an agreement with the Congress of the Republic to postpone the general elections until April 2024.”ad.
The initiative was sent on Monday afternoon.
The president noted that it would also involve “constitutional reforms that must be approved in the fastest manner provided for in the constitution,” though she did not elaborate.
Boulwart, who was vice president in Castillo’s cabinet, quickly distanced herself from her predecessor after his controversial announcement last week, and took office after her position became vacant.
On Sunday, protesters in various cities in the interior of Peru (including Cajamarca, Arequipa, Huancayo, Cusco and Puno) demanded Castillo’s release.
In the southern city of Andahuelas, in the Apurimac region, clashes broke out between demonstrators and the police, which led to the departure of At least 2 dead and 30 woundedThe authorities confirmed to Radio Peru RPP.
In her message to the nation, President Bolorat said, “I deeply regret the passing of our compatriots in Andahuaylas, Apurimac, my land. I express my heartfelt condolences to their relatives.”
Peru’s transportation ministry said in a statement that around 50 protesters were surrounded by protesters. Police officers and workers From the city’s airport, which they were trying to “assault”, according to the official version.
The Peruvian airport and aviation corporation, Corpac — which is under the authority of this ministry — reported on Sunday that Andahuaylas Airport had been hit hard by the protests. The air terminal remained closed Monday.
In addition to what happened in Andahuelas, the Peruvian media also reported the closure of the North and South American Highway and the mobilization in Lima.
Congress held an emergency session on Sunday to discuss the crisis, but it had to be suspended. After an attack between lawmakers.
What happened is indicative of the level of tension that has existed in Peru for years With political and social instability.
At the heart of this perpetual conflict is between the sitting president and Congress, which, as BBC Mundo’s country correspondent Guillermo de Olmo puts it, “has turned the vacancy option into a kind of sword of Damocles permanently hanging over the president’s head and that can fall upon him as soon as it is collected.” 87 votes required in Congress.”
Pollorat is the sixth President of Peru since 2018 (Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Martín Vizcarra, Manuel Merino, Francisco Sagasti, Pedro Castillo and Dina Polwart).
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